Sambar Deer

  1. Vulnerable –IUCN Red List
  2. State animal of Odisha
  3. Nocturnal and solitary
  4. Native range — Indian subcontinent, southern China, and Southeast Asia
  5. Habitat
    • Gentle slopes and the steeper parts of forested hillsides. They prefer to live near cultivated areas like gardens and plantations, where they can find food, but are also seen in swamp forests, thick forests and open scrub
    • Wide range due to broader diet
    • Thorn and arid forests — Gujarat and Rajasthan
    • Moist and dry deciduous forests — peninsular India
    • Pine and oak forests — Himalayan foothills
    • Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests — northeastern India and the Western Ghats
    • Temperate-latitude and alpine-zone woodlands – Taiwan
    1. Threat
    • hunted for sport, food, medicinal products and other purpose
    • industrial exploitation of habitat
    1. conservation
    • Schedule – I of wildlife (Protection) act, 1972
    • Protected areas like Kanha, Corbett, Ranthambore, Bandhavgarh, Gir, Dudhwa, Manas, Kaziranga and Sariska

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