Archive For The “Bills and Acts” Category

Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 comes into force

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The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 – was passed by Parliament in May, 2012 to address the evil of child sexual abuse. Definition of a child under the Act: The Act is gender-neutral and defines a child as any person below the age of eighteen years. The Protection of Children from Sexual…

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Savita Halappanavar: Persons in News

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Savita Halappanavar’s death has led to a widespread protests in Ireland and a call to re-look at the abortion laws. She was 31 year old dentist originally from Belgaum, India who moved to Ireland in 2008. She died on October 28, 2012 in Galway, Ireland. Her death led to widespread protests, in Ireland, India, England…

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Apex court refuses to interfere with policy on FDI in retail

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Asserting that Policy making is exclusive right of the executive, the Supreme Court refused to interfere with the policy on FDI in retail. The Centre informed the court that Reserve Bank of India had notified the amendments to the regulations permitting foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail. Amendments in the Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or…

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“Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill”: To regulate infertility clinics

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Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill which is aimed at regulating the functioning infertility clinics in the country is awaiting approval of the Union Cabinet and Parliament. The Bill seeks to allow surrogate parenthood, which was not yet permitted in many Western countries. Around 15 % of the couples in the world were childless and the problem…

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Orissa slaps a penalty of Rs 23,904 crore on ‘errant miners’

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The Orissa steel and mines department has imposed a penalty of Rs 23,904 crore on 27 miners in the mining circle of the mineral-rich Keonjhar district for extraction of ore beyond the permissible limits. Companies which have been slapped with penalties include Tata Steel, Aditya Birla-owned Essel Mining and the state-owned Orissa Mining Corporation. Tata…

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Land Acquisition Bill

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New modifications in Land Acquisition Bill draft The government has brought some fresh changes in the draft Land Acquisition Bill . As per new changes, the level of consent of landowners for acquiring land for private purpose has been made stiffer. Following these changes, the percentage of land owners, whose consent is a must for…

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Apex court asks amend Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 and Rules 2005

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The Supreme Court has asked the Centre to amend the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 and Rules 2005 to ensure that the life of seafarers is made more secure and their families are compensated adequately in the event of loss of life. The court showed its concern about increasing piracy and attack on vessel.    …

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Italian court convicts scientists who were not able to give earthquake warning

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An Italian court sentenced six scientists and a government official 6-year imprisonment on the charges  of manslaughter. The scientists were accused of not being able to give adequate warning of an earthquake that killed more than 300 people in L’Aquila in 2009. All the convicts who were member of National Commission for the Forecast and…

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South Korea becomes first Asian country to punish rapist with castration

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In a remarkable verdict a South Korean sentenced a 31-year-old pedophile Pyo to 15 years in jail and ordered the country’s first ever chemical castration. This is for the first time since the country introduced a law in 2011 that allows hormonal treatment or chemical castration for convicted child molesters, who are at risk of…

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Facebook arrests unwarranted, but Section 66A not ultra vires: Vahanvati

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The apex court sought response from Union Government on a petition challenging the Constitutional validity of Section 66A of the Information Technology Act. What’s the matter? What is Section 66A of IT Act? What did the Attorney-General tell the court?

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Chemical castration, 30-year jail as proposed in anti-rape draft bill by Congress

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In the wake of the horrific gang rape in Delhi, Congress, in its anti-rape  draft bill, has proposed imprisonment of up to 30 years which could also include chemical castration in rare cases to curb crimes against women. Although the final draft is yet to be submitted to Justice J.S. Verma Committee established to recommend…

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