Archive For November 22, 2018

Introduction to Prehistory

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The past of humankind has been divided into two broad categories viz. Prehistoric and historic. Prehistoric period belongs to the time before the emergence of writing and the historic period to the time following it. It has been so fare believed that Modern Humans originated in Africa and have lived on our planet for around […]

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Palaeolithic Age Prehistory of India

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Prehistoric period belongs to the time before the emergence of writing. It is believed that man learnt writing only about 5000-8000 years ago during the Neolithic period. The earliest known Neolithic writings are Dispilio Tablet (found in Greece) and Tărtăria tablets (found in Romania). Both of these belong to 6th millennium BC. Thus, Prehistory began with appearance of the […]

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Mesolithic Age in India

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The transition from the Palaeolithic period to Mesolithic period is marked by transition from Pleistocene period to Holocene and favourable changes in the climate. The climate became warmer and humid and there was expansion of flora and fauna contributed by increased rainfall. This led to availability of new resources to humans. ContentsTools of Mesolithic EraChanges […]

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Neolithic Age in India

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The Neolithic period began around 10700 to 9400 BC in Tell Qaramel in Northern Syria. In South Asia the date assigned to Neolithic period is 7000 BC and the earliest example is Mehrgarh Culture. The human settlements in the Mesolithic era got more sedentary and this was the beginning of establishment of villages. Man now could […]

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Chalcolithic Age in India

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Chalcolithic is also known as Eneolithic period which saw the use of the metals among which the Copper was first. It is called Chalcolithic which means use of stone and well as copper was prevalent in this period. The earliest settlements of the Chalcolithic period range from the Gangetic basin to Chhotanagpur Plateau. The economy […]

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Discovery and Extent of Indus Valley Civilization

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“A long march preceded our arrival at Haripah, through jangal of the closest description…. When I joined the camp I found it in front of the village and ruinous brick castle. Behind us was a large circular mound, or eminence, and to the west was an irregular rocky height, crowned with the remains of buildings, […]

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Extent of Indus Valley Civilization

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The continuous researches and excavations have revealed the extent of the Indus Valley Civilization. The term “Indus Valley Civilization” was used by John Marshall for the first time. But the later researches have shown that the extent was bigger than what was postulated by John Marshall. The centre of the civilization was in Sind and […]

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The difference between names of Harappan Civilization and Indus Valley Civilization

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Both the names are coterminous. Harappa is an archaeological site in Punjab, Pakistan and this was the first site where the remains of the civilization were first found. That is why it is called Harappan Civilization. Since it started in the river valley of the Indus River and largest concentration of the settlements has been […]

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Chronology of Indus Valley Civilization

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The chronology of the rise and fall of the Harappan civilization has been an issue of debate and controversy. Substantive work was done by Marshall who dated this civilization between the 3250-2700 BC. The modern research based upon the C-14 dating or radiocarbon dating has placed it between the 2900 BC to 2000 BC. However, […]

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Origin and Salient Features of Indus Valley Civilization

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The question about the origin of the Indus valley civilization is largely unanswered. Various researches have linked significantly the origin of Indus Valley civilization to the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh. Mehrgarh which lies on the “Kachi Plain” of Baluchistan in Pakistan is a Neolithic site. Mehrgarh was a centre of transformation from the hunter gatherer […]

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Harappa

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Both Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro are approximately 500 kms apart from each other. Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Dholavira are called the nucleus cities of the civilization. Since it was located on the old course of the Ravi River, the Harappans had easy access to trade networks, aquatic food as well as water for drinking and cultivation. This […]

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