Archive For The “Ancient History” Category
Prehistoric period belongs to the time before the emergence of writing. It is believed that man learnt writing only about 5000-8000 years ago during the Neolithic period. The earliest known Neolithic writings are Dispilio Tablet (found in Greece) and Tărtăria tablets (found in Romania). Both of these belong to 6th millennium BC. Thus, Prehistory began with appearance of the […]
The past of humankind has been divided into two broad categories viz. Prehistoric and historic. Prehistoric period belongs to the time before the emergence of writing and the historic period to the time following it. It has been so fare believed that Modern Humans originated in Africa and have lived on our planet for around […]
Chalcolithic is also known as Eneolithic period which saw the use of the metals among which the Copper was first. It is called Chalcolithic which means use of stone and well as copper was prevalent in this period. The earliest settlements of the Chalcolithic period range from the Gangetic basin to Chhotanagpur Plateau. The economy […]
The Neolithic period began around 10700 to 9400 BC in Tell Qaramel in Northern Syria. In South Asia the date assigned to Neolithic period is 7000 BC and the earliest example is Mehrgarh Culture. The human settlements in the Mesolithic era got more sedentary and this was the beginning of establishment of villages. Man now could […]
The transition from the Palaeolithic period to Mesolithic period is marked by transition from Pleistocene period to Holocene and favourable changes in the climate. The climate became warmer and humid and there was expansion of flora and fauna contributed by increased rainfall. This led to availability of new resources to humans. ContentsTools of Mesolithic EraChanges […]
Banawali is located in Hissar district of Haryana. It has provided two phases of culture during excavations viz. pre harappan and harappan. High quality barley has been found at Banawali.
Balakot is situated on the bank of Somani Bay near Karachi. Balakot was a coastal city of the Indus Valley Civilization.
It is located in the Bhuj area of Gujarat. It was excavated by J P Joshi in 1972. It was a fortified settlement. Surkotda has provided evidence of the first actual remains of the horse bones. A grave in association with a big rock has been found at Surkotda which is also a distinct feature.
Suktagendor was located around 55 kms from the shore of Arabian Sea on the Bank of Dasht River near the Iran Border. It was an important coastal town. Suktagendor is considered to be the western border of the Indus Valley Civilization. Excavations at Suktagendor has revealed a twofold division of the township. It was originally […]
Rakhigarhi is located in the Hissar district of Haryana. The excavations were carried out by ASI in 1997 under the leadership of Prof. Surajbhan & Acharya Bhagwan Dev. Not much has been published but this site gives evidences of two cultures early harappan and mature harappan. The most important finding is an inscripted seal. About […]
Dholavira is located on Khadir Beyt, an island in the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat in India. It has been excavated since 1990 by a team lead by R S Bisht of ASI. The city is as large as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. It has some of the best preserved stone architecture. A tantalizing signboard […]