Archive For The “Science and Technology Current Affairs – 2018” Category

Windows 8 in India (Win 7 v/s Win 8)

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Microsoft unveils Windows 8 in India Microsoft launched the latest version of its Operating System (OS) Windows 8 in India. Windows 8 is designed to work across PCs, tablets as well as for smart phones. Some KEY Differences b/w WINDOWS 7 and WINDOWS 8 (Features that make WINDOWS 8 better than WINDOWS 7): 1. Metro…

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National Policy on Electronics 2012

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‘National Policy on Electronics’ (NPE) cleared by the Government The Union Cabinet cleared the National Policy on Electronics 2012. Objective: By 2020, make the Indian domestic electronic hardware manufacturing segment into a $ 400 billion industry. Government will create an ecosystem for a globally competitive ESDM (Electronic System and Design and Manufacturing) sector in India…

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Next-gen sequencing approach to identify diseases from bone samples

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A new technology that uses a next-gen sequencing approach, including hybridization capture technology, to analyze gene sequences within seconds to identify diseases accurately. Scientists used the technique to identify tuberculosis (TB) genes in a 19th century female skeleton found in a crypt in Leeds. How this technology will help? It will help in understanding how…

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Iran can consider a 20% cap on uranium enrichment

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Iran is ready to negotiate over the issue of its uranium enrichment programme. It has offered that it can put a 20% on uranium enrichment if it is assured a regular supply of nuclear fuel for its medical reactor that manufactures isotopes to treat cancer. What is uranium enrichment? Naturally occurring Uranium is composed of…

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Human DNA Profiling Bill soon

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The Human DNA Profiling Bill, to create a DNA data centre to profile people accused of serious crimes and unknown deceased is on the anvil.  Proposal was considered in 2007, but then dropped down due to factor in ethical, moral and legal issues on the sensitive issues. The Bill is drafted by the Department of…

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‘ Valles Marineris ‘: Largest canyon in solar system

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Mars’ Valles Marineris is the largest canyon in our solar system. It is over 4000 km long and 200 km wide, and with a depth of 10 km. This size makes it some ten times longer and five times deeper than Earth’s Grand Canyon.  Where exactly Valles Marineris located? Valles Marineris is located along the…

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Alternatives to Endosulfan available

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The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) Review Committee to the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants approved the assessment of 100 chemical alternatives to insecticide and acaricide Endosulfan.  The committee also suggested its non-chemical alternatives. Which of the approved alternatives are used in India? Among the approved alternatives which are used in India, some are:- Malathion…

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India opposes balkanization of Internet

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In recent development, India has distanced itself from any model that promulgates governments control over internet. What is the background of the issue? The issue is regarding the control of the internet related tasks and its governance. Initially, till 1998, other organization on behalf of U.S. government used to oversee internet related tasks. Later, a…

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PH1: Newly discovered planet

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A new planet which is called PH1 has been discovered by researchers. Six times larger than the Earth Located at 5,000 light years distance from the Earth Present in the constellation of Cygnus Its sky is illuminated by 4 stars It is the seventh planet to be found orbiting binary stars, and the first to…

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Chips made of Carbon Nanotubes to replace silicon chips soon

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Researchers have developed a new technique to mass produce much tinier and faster carbon nanotubes that can replace silicon chips in computers. It could be possible to replace silicon with carbon nanotubes in manufacturing computer chips. It use would make the size of the computing components much smaller. What are carbon nanotubes? What are the…

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New Disease detection technique with naked eyes

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Scientists have developed a new ultra-sensitive sensor test which is also 10 times cheaper to detect the early stages of several cancers and viruses, including HIV, with the naked eye. What is the technique? The new visual sensor technology detects biomarkers which are produced in the body when it is infected with certain disease.  The…

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