Answer: C

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Though borrowed from almost every constitution of the world, the constitution of India has several salient features that distinguish it from the constitutions of other countries. Many people criticised that the Indian Constitution is a bag of borrowings or is a more paper and scissor work. It is worth knowing that it has borrowed features but drafted according to the Historical perspective of India; Geographical diversity of India; and Cultural and traditional characteristics of India.

Here, we are giving the list borrowed features of Indian Constitution which is very useful:

  1. Britain
  • Parliamentary government
  • Rule of Law
  • Legislative procedure
  • Single citizenship
  • Cabinet system
  • Prerogative Writs
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Bicameralism

2. Ireland

  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Method of Election of the president
  • Members nomination to the Rajya Sabha by the President

3. The United States of America

  • Impeachment of the president
  • Functions of president and vice-president
  • Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Judicial review
  • Independence of judiciary
  • Preamble of the constitution

4. Canada

  • The centrifugal form of federalism where the center is stronger than the states.
  • Residuary powers vest with the center
  • Centre appoints the Governors of the states
  • Advisory jurisdiction of the supreme court

5. Australia

  • Concept of Concurrent list
  • Article 108 i.e. Joint sitting of the two houses
  • Freedom of trade and commerce

6. USSR (Now Russia)

  • Fundamental duties
  • The ideals of justice (social, economic and political), expressed in the Preamble

7. France

  • Concept of “Republic”
  • Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)

8.Germany

  • Fundamental Rights are suspended during Emergency

9. South Africa

  • Election of members of the Rajya Sabha
  • Amendment to the Constitution

10. Japan

  • Concept of “procedure established by Law”

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